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Learn about the signs of iron deficiency.

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Shortness of breath 2
Shortness of breath 2
Fatigue 1,2
Fatigue 1,2
Cracks and ulcers in your mouth 6
Cracks and ulcers in your mouth 6
Increased susceptibility to infection 9
Increased susceptibility to infection 9
Sore tongue or dry mouth 2,10
Sore tongue or dry mouth 2,10
Cold intolerance 8
Cold intolerance 8
Headaches 2
Headaches 2
Paleness 2
Paleness 2
Brittle or spooned-shaped nails 2,7
Brittle or spooned-shaped nails 2,7
Craving to eat non-food items. 2
Craving to eat non-food items. 2
Dizziness, irritability and loss of concentration 2,4
Dizziness, irritability and loss of concentration 2,4
Restless Leg Syndrome 3,5
Restless Leg Syndrome 3,5
Hair loss 3
Hair loss 3

References:

  1. Wood MM, Elwood PC. Symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia: A community survey. Br J Prev Soc Med 1966;20:117-121.
  2. Mayo Clinic. Iron Deficiency Anaemia. Symptoms and Causes. [online] [cited 2017 July 25]. Available from: URL: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/iron-deficiency-anemia/symptoms-causes/dxc-20266514.
  3. Stein J, Dignass A. Management of iron deficiency anemia in inflammatory bowel disease – a practical approach. Ann Gastroenterol 2012;26(2):1-7.
  4. Radlowski EC, Johnson RW. Perinatal iron deficiency and neurocognitive development. Front Hum Neurosci 2013;7:1-11.
  5. Sun ER, Chen CA, Ho G, Earley CJ, Allen RP.Iron and the restless legs syndrome. Sleep 1998;21(4):371-377.
  6. Scully C. ABC of oral health: Mouth ulcers and other causes of orofacial soreness and pain. BMJ 2000;321(7254):162-165.
  7. Cashman MW, Sloan SB. Nutrition and nail disease. Clin Dermatol 2010;28(4):420-425.
  8. World Health Organisation. Iron deficiency anaemia. Assessment, prevention and control. [online] 2001 [cited 2017 Aug 1]. Available from: URL: http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/micronutrients/anaemia_iron_deficiency/WHO_NHD_01.3/en/.
  9. Beard JL. Iron biology in Immune Function, Muscle Metabolism and Neuronal Functioning. J Nutr 2001;131(2):568S-580S.
  10. Wu YC, Wang YP, Chang JY, Cheng SJ, Chen HM, Sun A. Oral manifestations and blood profile in patients with iron deficiency anemia. J Formos Med Assoc 2014;113(2):83-87.
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