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What is Iron Deficiency

Iron is an essential nutrient for your body, which you get from your food.

It is needed for your mental and physical health and to keep your energy levels up.1,2 Sometimes your body’s demand for iron can exceed supply, and this can lead to iron deficiency (ID). 1,2 ID is very common and affects 1 in 2 South African women. 3 ID causes many symptoms including fatigue, dizziness, and shortness of breath. 4 If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, talk to your doctor so that they can investigate what is causing them. If tests show that your iron levels are low, your doctor may recommend iron therapy.

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References:

  1. Abbaspour N, Hurrell R, Kelishadi R. Review on iron and its importance for human health. J Res Med Sci 2014;19(2):164-174.
  2. Haas JD, Brownlie T. Iron Deficiency and Reduced Work Capacity: A Critical Review of the Research to Determine a Causal Relationship. J Nutr 2001;131(2S-2):676S-688S.
  3. Phatlhane DV, Zemlin AE, Matsha TE, Hoffman M, Naidoo N, Ichihara K, et al. The iron status of a healthy South African adult population. Clinica Chimica Acta 2016;460:240-245.
  4. Mayo Clinic. Iron Deficiency Anaemia. Symptoms and Causes. [online] [cited 2017 July 25]. Available from: URL: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/iron-deficiency-anemia/symptoms-causes/dxc-20266514
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